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ANTI-EMBEDMENT

ANTI-EMBEDMENT

Anti-embedment additive to the crude oil mass prevents production and flow stream restrictions due to produced water containing salts which can precipitate to form scale blockage. In addition the salts can accelerate corrosion.

OilFlux™ “SBH” anti-embedment additive prevents embedment’s due to the crude oil mass containing crystalline salt formed due to pressure and temperature changes which strip water vapor as the crude oil mass flows up the extraction and production well casing.

Embedment in the crude oil production and flow stream can require increases in pressure or temperature, which in turn can create other crude oil delivery operational problems and increase operational costs or slow down crude oil delivery.

OilFlux™ “SBH” anti-embedment additive keeps the crude oil moving through the flows stream system without adverse consequences to equipment and downstream to the refinery without corrosion, fouling or catalyst degradation at the refinery.

SBH

When added to crude oil that comes from the wells, it leaves no incrustations coming from the water (very high in dissolved salts) in the crude oil, protecting all types of pipes. (Anti-Embedment)

REFERENCES

1- Warren, K.W. 1993. Reduction of Corrosion through Improvements in Desalting. Paper presented at the Benelux Refinery Symposium, Lanaken, Belgium, 2–3 December.

2- ASTM D-96-88 (withdrawn 2000), Standard Test Methods for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by Centrifuge Method (Field Procedure). 1988. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: ASTM.

3- ASTM D-4007-02, Standard Test Methods for Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure). 2002. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: ASTM.

4- ASTM D-3230-05, Test Method for Salts in Crude Oil (Electrometric Method). 2005. West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania: ASTM.

5- API RP-45, Recommended Practice for Analysis of Oilfield Waters, third edition. 1998. Washington, DC: API.

6- http://petrowiki.org/Desalting