Utilizamos cookies propias y de terceros para ofrecer nuestros servicios y recoger datos estadísticos. Continuar navegando implica su aceptación. Más información Aceptar

FLUIDIFIER

FLUIDIFIER

Fluidifier additive to the crude oil mass modifies the thixotropic characteristics of the crude oil mass to achieve a more favorable kinematic viscosity without altering the initial composition of the crude oil mass. This is the process of fluidification by molecular dispersion which employs new chemistry involving the anionic/nonionic relationship of the crude oil mass and the fluidifier additive.

Fluidifier additive achieves reduction of turbulence induced drag in the pipeline of the crude oil mass due to a rearrangement of the bonds between atoms in the crude oil without altering the inherent properties of the crude oil. This decreases pressure in the pipeline resulting in a higher flow stream at the same pressure. This is new chemistry as the alteration in the bonds between the atoms within the crude oil creates an energy demand which is recovered by the energy previously lost in the region of the turbulent flow.

Fluidifier additive to the crude oil mass can serve as a Drag Reducing Agent by positively altering the frictional pressure occurring in a pipeline or other conduit. Fluidifier additive also can be enhanced to accomplish many more beneficial functions as well if the underlining chemistry is properly designed as a “building blocks” system.

Fluidifier additive to the crude oil mass compels a full understanding of complex interaction of the varying properties of different crude oil mass such as the type of crude oil (asphaltic or paraffinic, etc.), composition and pH of the water, temperature, extent of compression by pressure, dissolved gas, contact time, and concentration of polar molecules.

Fluidifier additive to the crude oil mass speeds the movement of the crude oil mass of varying API degrees and viscosity from the production and extraction casing through the upstream gathering system, midstream pipeline, tanker, storage tanks and delivery flow stream system and downstream at the refinery.

Fluidifier additive facilitates the uniform and continuous flow of the crude oil mass to prevent clogged production wells and flow stream processes and prevent interruption of the production and flow stream delivery or renewed production of inactive wells.

The OilFlux™ “W” series of new chemistry Fluidifier additives accomplishes all of the following desired beneficial features of fluidification, hence the name OilFlux™, as the word flux is synonymous with fluidify …

-Fluidification continues to work as pressure and temperature changes in pipeline or conduit

does not evaporate because it incorporates into crude oil mass.

-Continues benefits without adding more Fluidifier additive to crude oil.

-Properly adjusts kinematic viscosity without altering initial composition of crude oil mass by customized formulation.

-Applied in significantly smaller dosages of 0.1% to 0.5% by volume of crude oil treated vs. 10% to 20% by competitive additives which evaporate and require additional treatment.

-The additive components are recovered separately as a saleable product at refinery in each part of distillated fraction to which it corresponds by its evaporation point.

-Dramatically lower operating costs.

-Are environmentally safe non-residual contaminants.

-Can be specially formulated to any dosage strength to meet all crude oil mass fluidification and drag reduction demands.

-Are part of a “building blocks” custom formulated system of additives engineered to perform specific functions, such as fluidification, drag reduction, demulsification, recuperation, wax/paraffin separation, asphaltene inhibition, breaking of the crude oil-water emulsion, cleaning, recovery of crude oil, elimination of incrustations and bacteria, foam prevention, sulfhidric acid reduction, crude oil remediation and performance improvement for the end user.

-Fluidification solves one of the 15 common profit robbing “pain points” in production and flow stream delivery of crude oil.

-Fluidification resulting in more crude oil profit at lower costs, because “Every Drop Counts”.

-Which is why crude oil producers and flow stream handlers should consider using the OilFlux™ additives so that they do not “Choke Your Profits”.

-Fully tested by the renowned testing lab at Intertek.

 

-Superior to commonly used existing additives such as hexane solvents like naphtha, polymers or organic chemicals which have been around for many decades while exploration, production and flow stream technology have dramatically improved.

-OilFlux™ additives new chemistry now lead crude oil production and flow stream chemical additives into the 21st Century.

W10

Standard fluidifier and drag reducing agent of the crude oil mass for normal application to be added to crude oil in wells or pipelines. (FLUIDIFIER & “DRA” – DRAG REDUCING AGENT)

W20

Fluidifier and drag reducing agent for difficult cases in which there is a very high kinematic viscosity and the components of the crude oil are very heavy. Separates the water emulsified in the crude oil mass. (FLUIDIFIER & DRA & DEMULSIFIER)

W30

Fluidifier and drag reducing agent that will be developed depending on the exceptional conditions of the crude oil mass. (TAILORED FLUIDIFIER & DRA)

WPF

Paraffin separator in crude oils, fluidifier and drag reducing agent of the crude oil mass. (PARAFFIN SEPARATOR & FLUIDIFIER & DRA)

WAS

Inhibitor of asphaltenes in crude oils, fluidifier and drag reducing agent of the crude oil mass.  (ASPHALTENE INHIBITOR & FLUIDIFIER & DRA)

References

1- L.L. Schramm ed. 1992. Emulsions: Fundamentals and Applications in the Petroleum Industry, Advances in Chemistry Series No. 231. Washington, DC: American Chemical Society.

2- Jones, T.J., Neustadter, E.L., and Whittingham, K.P. 1978. Water-In-Crude Oil Emulsion Stability And Emulsion Destabilization By Chemical Demulsifiers. J Can Pet Technol 17 (2). PETSOC-78-02-08. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/78-02-08.

3- Strassner, J.E. 1968. Effect of pH on Interfacial Films and Stability of Crude Oil-Water Emulsions. J Pet Technol 20 (3): 303-312. SPE-1939-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/1939-PA.

4- Kimbler, O.K., R.L. Reed, A., and Silberberg, I.H. 1966. Physical Characteristics of Natural Films Formed at Crude Oil-Water Interfaces. SPE J. 6 (2): 153-165. SPE-1201-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/1201-PA.

5- Mohammed, R.A., Bailey, A.I., Luckham, P.F. et al. 1994. The effect of demulsifiers on the interfacial rheology and emulsion stability of water-in-crude oil emulsions. Colloids Surf., 91 (3 November): 129-139. http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0927-7757(94)02840-0.

6- Bobra, M. 1990. A Study of the Formation of Water-in-Oil Emulsions. Proc., 1990 Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program Technical Seminar, Edmonton, Canada.

7- Kokal, S. and Al-Juraid, J. 1999. Quantification of Various Factors Affecting Emulsion Stability: Watercut, Temperature, Shear, Asphaltene Content, Demulsifier Dosage and Mixing Different Crudes. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 3-6 October 1999. SPE-56641-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/56641-MS.

8- Svetgoff, J.A. 1989. Demulsification Key to Production Efficiency. Petroleum Engineer Intl. 61 (8): 28.

9- Eley, D.D., Hey, M.J., and Symonds, J.D. 1988. Emulsions of water in asphaltene-containing oils 1. Droplet size distribution and emulsification rates. Colloids Surf. 32 (0): 87-101. http://dx.doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0166-6622(88)80006-4.

10- Kokal, S.L. and Sayegh, S.G. 1995. Asphaltenes: The Cholesterol of Petroleum. Presented at the Middle East Oil Show, Bahrain, 11-14 March 1995. SPE-29787-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/29787-MS.

11- Mitchell, D.L. and Speight, J.G. 1973. The solubility of asphaltenes in hydrocarbon solvents. Fuel 52 (2): 149-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0016-2361(73)90040-9.

12- Leontaritis, K.J. 1989. Asphaltene Deposition: A Comprehensive Description of Problem Manifestations and Modeling Approaches. Presented at the SPE Production Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 13-14 March 1989. SPE-18892-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/18892-MS.

13- Tambe, D.E. and Sharma, M.M. 1993. Factors Controlling the Stability of Colloid-Stabilized Emulsions: I. An Experimental Investigation. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 157 (1): 244-253. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jcis.1993.1182.

14- Salager, J.L. 1990. The Fundamental Basis for the Action of a Chemical Dehydrant: Influence of Physical and Chemical Formulation on the Stability of an Emulsion. Intl. Chemical Engineering 30 (1): 103.

15- Menon, V.B. and Wasan, D.T. 1987. Particle—fluid interactions with applications to solid-stabilized emulsions Part III. Asphaltene adsorption in the presence of quinaldine and 1,2-dimethylindole. Colloids Surf. 23 (4): 353-362. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0166-6622(87)80276-7.

16- Kokal, S. and Al-Juraid, J. 1998. Reducing Emulsion Problems By Controlling Asphaltene Solubility and Precipitation. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, Louisiana, 27-30 September 1998. SPE-48995-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/48995-MS.

17- Davies, G.A., Nilsen, F.P., and Gramme, P.E. 1996. The formation of Stable Dispersions of Crude oil and Produced Water: The Influence of Oil Type, Wax & Asphaltene Content. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Denver, Colorado, 6-9 October 1996. SPE-36587-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/36587-MS.

18- Levine, S. and Sanford, E. 1985. Stabilisation of emulsion droplets by fine powders. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering 63 (2): 258-268. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450630211.

19- Menon, V.B., Nikolov, A.D., and Wasan, D.T. 1988. Interfacial Effects of Solids-Stabilized Emulsions: Measurements of Film Tension and Particle Interaction Energy. J. of Colloid and Interface Science 124 (1): 317-327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0021-9797(88)90353-0.

20- Coppel, C.P. 1975. Factors Causing Emulsion Upsets in Surface Facilities Following Acid Stimulation. J Pet Technol 27 (9): 1060-1066. SPE-5154-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/5154-PA.

Ali, S.A., Durham, D.K., and Elphingstone, E.A. 1994. Test Identifies Acidizing Fluid/Crude Compatibility Problems. Oil & Gas J. 19 (13): 47.

22- Moore, E.W., Crowe, C.W., and Hendrickson, A.R. 1965. Formation, Effect and Prevention of Asphaltene Sludges During Stimulation Treatments. J Pet Technol 19 (9): 1023-1028. SPE-1163-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/1163-PA.

23- Kokal, S. and Wingrove, M. 2000. Emulsion Separation Index: From Laboratory to Field Case Studies. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, 1-4 October 2000. SPE-63165-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/63165-MS.

24- Miller, D.J. and Böhm, R. 1993. Optical studies of coalescence in crude oil emulsions. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 9 (1): 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0920-4105(93)90023-8.

25- Ajienka, J.A., Ogbe, N.O., and Ezeaniekwe, B.C. 1993. Measurement of dielectric constant of oilfield emulsions and its application to emulsion resolution. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 9 (4): 331-339. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0920-4105(93)90063-K.

26- Isaacs, E.E., Huang, H., Babchin, A.J. et al. 1990. Electroacoustic method for monitoring the coalescence of water-in-oil emulsions. Colloids Surf. 46 (2): 177-192. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0166-6622(90)80164-Y.

27- Aske, N., Kallevik, H., and Sjöblom, J. 2002. Water-in-crude oil emulsion stability studied by critical electric field measurements. Correlation to physico-chemical parameters and near-infrared spectroscopy. J. Pet. Sci. Eng. 36 (1–2): 1-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0920-4105(02)00247-4.

28- http://petrowiki.org/Stability_of_oil_emulsions

29- http://petrowiki.org/Oil_viscosity