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PARAFFIN SEPARATOR

PARAFFIN SEPARATOR

-Paraffin deposit in crude oil can build up as the high molecular weight crystals accumulate as a deposit in the production and extraction well casing and flow stream. Paraffin deposit can transition from soft to hard to brittle as the molecular weight of the crystals increase and solubility of the crude oil declines. Paraffin deposit in the production and extraction well casing and flow stream can cause the reduction in crude oil delivery which directly increases operating costs and reduces profits. Paraffin deposit prevention, separation or removal is important to the operator so that you “Don’t Choke Your Profits”. Paraffin deposit is generally a function of crude oil changes in composition due to loss of dissolved gasses as temperature and pressure change. Paraffin deposit can be measured by cloud point or pour point described in ASTM manuals (D2500-06 and D97-66). Paraffin deposit removal can be accomplished by a variety of chemical, mechanical or temperature methods used alone or in various combinations. OilFlux™ “WPF” additive product prevents and separates the paraffin without the use of the customary chemical, mechanical or temperature methods. OilFlux™ “WPF” additive attacks the paraffin deposit formation at the root cause by retaining proper crude oil viscosity as temperature and pressure change. OilFlux™ “WPF” additive incorporates the drag reduction and fluidification properties of the “W” series to accomplish multiple functions as a part of the OilFlux™ “building blocks” system of new chemistry. OilFlux™ “WPF” additive is used in a significantly smaller dosage than all other chemicals in common use today … and accomplished multiple functions. OilFlux™ “WPF” additive incorporates into and does not evaporate from the crude oil mass. OilFlux™ “WPF” additive, thus, remains in the crude oil mass performing its beneficial functions throughout the entire flow stream to the refinery and is recovered separately as a saleable product at refinery in each part of distillated fraction to which it corresponds by its evaporation point. Paraffin deposit can occur together with asphaltene in the production and extraction well casing and flow stream. OilFlux™ “WPF” additive has all of the benefits of the entire “W” series suite of OilFlux™ additives.

WPF

Paraffin separator in crude oils, fluidifier and drag reducing agent of the crude oil mass. (PARAFFIN SEPARATOR & FLUIDIFIER & DRA)

References

1- McClaflin, G.G. and Whitfill, D.L. 1984. Control of Paraffin Deposition in Production Operations. J Pet Technol 36 (11): 1965-1970. SPE-12204-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/12204-PA

2- Thomas, D.C. 1988. Selection of Paraffin Control Products and Applications. Presented at the International Meeting on Petroleum Engineering, Tianjin, China, 1-4 November 1988. SPE-17626-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/17626-MS

3- Newberry, M.E. and Barker, K.M. 1985. Formation Damage Prevention Through the Control of Paraffin and Asphaltene Deposition. Presented at the SPE Production Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 10-12 March 1985. SPE-13796-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/13796-MS

4- Houchin, L.R. and Hudson, L.M. 1986. The Prediction, Evaluation, and Treatment of Formation Damage Caused by Organic Deposition. Presented at the SPE Formation Damage Control Symposium, Lafayette, Louisiana, 26-27 February 1986. SPE-14818-MS.

5- Yen, T.F. 1974. Structure of Petroleum Asphaltene and Its Significance. Energy Sources 1 (4): 447.

6- Hirschberg, A., deJong, L.N.J., Schipper, B.A. et al. 1984. Influence of Temperature and Pressure on Asphaltene Flocculation. SPE J. 24 (3): 283–293. SPE-11202-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/11202-PA

7- Monger, T.G. and Fu, J.C. 1987. The Nature of CO2-Induced Organic Deposition. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, 27-30 September 1987. SPE-16713-MS.

8- Monger, T.G. and Trujillo, D.E. 1991. Organic Deposition During CO2 and Rich-Gas Flooding. SPE Res Eng 6 (1): 17-24. SPE-18063-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/18063-PA

Browne, S.V., Ryan, D.F., Chambers, B.D. et al. 1995. Simple Approach to the Cleanup of Horizontal Wells With Prepacked Screen Completions. J Pet Technol 47 (9): 794-800. SPE-30116-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/30116-PA

9- Zain, Z.M. and Sharma, M.M. 1999. Cleanup of Wall-Building Filter Cakes. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Houston, Texas, 3-6 October 1999. SPE-56635-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/56635-MS

11- Leontaritis, K.J. 1989. Asphaltene Deposition: A Comprehensive Description of Problem Manifestations and Modeling Approaches. Presented at the SPE Production Operations Symposium, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 13-14 March 1989. SPE-18892-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/18892-MS

12- Kawanaka, S., Park, S.J., and Mansoori, G.A. 1991. Organic Deposition From Reservoir Fluids: A Thermodynamic Predictive Technique. SPE Res Eng 6 (2): 185-192. SPE-17376-PA. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/17376-PA

13- Schantz, S.S. and Stephenson, W.K. 1991. Asphaltene Deposition: Development and Application of Polymeric Asphaltene Dispersants. Presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas, 6-9 October 1991. SPE-22783-MS. http://dx.doi.org/10.2118/22783-MS

http://petrowiki.org/Formation_damage_from_paraffins_and_asphaltenes